From a young age I remember my mother encouraging me to look after my skin; of course I didn’t understand it or why but I did it anyways haha. It was always Nivea to keep my face soft, smooth and moisturised and Vaseline to keep my lips from getting dry or cracking…. From the minute I started wearing makeup in high school I began using skincare more frequently and realised just how important skincare is. I mean most of us spend nearly an hour or more on doing our makeup, shouldn’t we be looking after our skin just as we do our makeup? We aim to have a nice canvas to apply makeup to, but if we don’t take care of our skin how can we expect it to look flawless and smooth?
Today I’m here to help you shake off that confusion and to stop questioning yourself when trying to determine what type of skin that you have. This will make things soooo much easier for you when selecting makeup and/or skin care products which are in preference to your skin type, to ensure that they work to the best of their ability.
There are 5 basic skin care types and they are oily, combination (normal), sensitive, dry and sun damaged. Your skin type is determined by how much or how little oil your skin produces. Genes, diet, stress levels, hormonal fluctuations, medication and even your skincare regimen all determine how much oil your skin produces. You may find that your skin type changes frequently going from dry to oily to normal do not fret as this honestly is normal. Below I have included characteristics of each skin type which will help you in determining which type you fall into.
- First wash your face and pat it dry
- Take a few pieces of rice paper or lens-cleaning tissue paper and press on different spots on your face, focusing more importantly on the cheeks, forehead, chin and nose
- If your skin is oily the paper will stick and become translucent
- If the paper doesn’t stick your skin is most likely dry
- If it sticks in your t-zone (forehead, nose and chin) then you have combination (or normal) skin
Oily skin is shiny skin especially in the T-zone (from the forehead, down the nose to the chin). You may have enlarged pores, and you may be prone to blackheads and breakouts due to the overproduction of the sebaceous (oil-producing) glands. The good thing about oily skin is that it ages better than dry skin because the oils keep the skin plump allowing fewer wrinkles to form. Many young women have oily skin but as they age, they may find their skin becomes more dry, especially after age 35. To take good care of your skin you should wash with a cleanser formulated for oily skin before you go to bed each night. Exfoliate twice weekly with a gentle scrub and use oil-free moisturisers.
Combination / Normal Skin
From conducted studies and research it is said that most women have combination or “normal” skin. Combination skin means you may have a oily T-zone and drier cheeks with dry patchy spots here and there. You may also have larger pores on your cheeks and possibly your forehead. This skin type has medium pores with a smooth and even texture. To take care good of your skin you may need to treat the T-zone differently from your drier spots. If your T-zone tends to be oily, try an astringent on those areas only after you’ve washed your face. Make sure to exfoliate twice weekly to remove any dead skin cells and use a heavier facial moisturiser on your dry spots.
Dry skin feels tight especially after cleansing. Women with dry skin have a tendency towards fine wrinkles, flaking and red patches. Women who are coloured with dry skin may notice their skin appearing ashy or dull from dead skin buildup. Dry skin requires special care; I recommend heavy cleansers and hydrating moisturisers over the lightweight ones as they work better for dry skin. You should exfoliate weekly and even apply a moisturising primer before any makeup application to plump the skin up as much as possible. If you perhaps live in a cold environment I suggest using a humidifier/purifyer in your office and bedroom to keep skin from drying out, or a moisturising spritz face spray available from cosmetic stores.
Sensitive skin tends to be thin and delicate with fine pores. You most likely have sensitive skin if you find you are easily irritated by the sun, certain cosmetic products you are prone to redness, itchy patches or blotchy skin. I have sensitive skin and finding the right cleansers and moisturisers for my skin can be tricky. Many companies have developed products specifically for sensitive skin, although I don’t have a great deal of luck with majority of them. I find that my skin has a burning sensation after I have cleansed and this has happened with several cleansers. My advice is to look for mild products that contain no scents. Instead of wasting money on products that may not work well for you I suggest going to your nearest drugstore or department store and ask them for a tester or samples so you can try before you buy. Make sure you don’t cleanse everyday that’s a big nono, I cleanse my face two times a week but what works for me may not work for you.
Aging or Sun-damaged Skin
Women with this type of skin will notice that it also feels tight with visible wrinkles; especially around the cheeks and jawline & will notice it’s leathery texture and broken capillaries. To care for aging skin you should consider using moisturisers and heavy creams to plump up your fine wrinkles. If you are REALLY upset about your deeper lines you can have them frozen with Botox or filled with injectables. Although before going to that extreme there are a great range of products available from brands such as Kiehl’s, Loreal, Lancome, Christian Dior to name a few.
I hope you found this article beneficial and if you have any comments please feel free to leave them below! 🙂
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Natasha Toffa xoxox